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Izingxenye eziyisisekelo kakhulu zesakhiwo se-transformer zenziwe ngama-iron cores, ama-windings kanye nokufakwa.Ukwengeza, ekusebenzeni okuphephile nokuthembekile, ithangi likaphethiloli, idivayisi yokupholisa kanye nedivayisi yokuvikela nazo zifakiwe.

(1) I-Iron core: I-iron core ye-transformer yindlela yomugqa wamandla kazibuthe, odlala indima yokugxila nokuqinisa i-flux magnetic, futhi ngesikhathi esifanayo, isetshenziselwa ukusekela ukujika.

(2) Ukuvunguza: Ukusonteka kwe-transformer kuyindlela yamanje, futhi i-current idluliswa ngokuzungeza, futhi amandla e-electromotive eyenziwe akhiqizwa ukungeniswa kwe-electromagnetic.

(3) Ithangi likawoyela: Ithangi likawoyela igobolondo le-transformer ecwiliswe ngamafutha.Umzimba oyinhloko we-transformer ufakwa ethangini lamafutha, futhi ithangi ligcwele uwoyela we-transformer.

(4) Umcamelo wamafutha: Umcamelo kawoyela ubizwa nangokuthi ithangi likawoyela elisizayo.Kuyisitsha esimise okomphongolo esenziwe nge-steel plate.Ifakwe ngokuvundlile phezu kwesembozo sethangi likawoyela we-transformer futhi ixhunywe ithangi likawoyela ngepayipi eligobile.Umkhawulo owodwa womcamelo wamafutha ufakwe inkomba yezinga likawoyela.Ivolumu yomcamelo kawoyela ngokuvamile i-8% kuya ku-10% womthamo kawoyela wethangi likawoyela we-transformer.

Umsebenzi wayo ukuthi ingaphakathi le-transformer ligcwele uwoyela, futhi ngenxa yokuthi izinga likawoyela emcamelweni kawoyela lingaphakathi komkhawulo othize, lapho uwoyela ukhula futhi ufinyezwa emazingeni okushisa ahlukene, kukhona indawo yokuqondisa, kanye nesikhundla sokuphumula umcamelo wamafutha mncane, ukuze kube nokuxhumana okuncane phakathi kwamafutha nomoya.Yehlisa amathuba okuthi uwoyela ube manzi futhi oxidized.Ngaphezu kwalokho, uwoyela osendaweni yokugcina uwoyela ubanda kakhulu kunawoyela osengxenyeni engenhla yethangi likawoyela, futhi cishe akukho ukuguquguquka namafutha ethangini likawoyela.I-relay yegesi ifakwe epayipini elixhumayo phakathi komcamelo kawoyela nethangi likawoyela ukuze kubonakale iphutha langaphakathi le-transformer.

(5) Umshini wokuphefumula: Umshini wokuphefumula ufakwe i-desiccant, okuyijeli ye-silica, esetshenziselwa ukumunca umswakama emoyeni.

(6) Ipayipi elingaqhumi: Ipayipi elingaqhumi lifakwe kwikhava yethangi likawoyela le-transformer.Phezulu kweshubhu elivikela ukuqhuma kufakwe ishidi lengilazi.Uma kwenzeka iphutha ngaphakathi kwe-transformer futhi kukhiqizwa umfutho ophezulu, igesi emafutheni izodabula ishidi lengilazi futhi ikhishwe ethangini likawoyela ukuze ikhulule ukucindezela, ngaleyo ndlela ivikele ithangi le-transformer ekubeni lonakaliswe.

(7) I-thermometer: I-thermometer ifakwa kusilinda esiseceleni kwezinga lokushisa embozweni yethangi likaphethiloli ukuze kulinganiswe izinga lokushisa eliphezulu likawoyela ethangini likaphethiloli.

(8) Ukushisa: I-bushing iyisivikelo esiholela umkhondo wamawindi aphezulu naphansi we-transformer ukuya ngaphandle kwethangi.Akukhona kuphela ukufakwa kokuhola phansi (igobolondo), kodwa futhi kudlala indima yokulungisa ukuhola.

(9) Idivayisi yokupholisa: Idivayisi yokupholisa iyisisetshenziswa esikhipha ukushisa okukhiqizwa isiguquli ngesikhathi sokusebenza.

(10) Isihlanzi sikawoyela: esaziwa nangokuthi isihlungi somehluko wokushisa.Ingxenye yayo eyinhloko ithangi likawoyela eliyi-cylindrical net elishiselwe ngamapuleti ensimbi, afakwa ohlangothini olulodwa lwethangi likawoyela we-transformer.Ithangi ligcwele ama-adsorbent afana nejeli ye-silica ne-alumina ecushiwe.Ngesikhathi sokusebenza, ngenxa yomehluko wokushisa phakathi kwamafutha angaphezulu namafutha aphansi, uwoyela we-transformer ugeleza usuka phezulu uye phansi ngesihlanza uwoyela ukuze wenze i-convection, uwoyela uthinta i-adsorbent, futhi umswakama, ama-asidi nama-oxide akuwo ayamuncwa. , ukuze amafutha ahlanzwe.

Nweba impilo yamafutha.Isihlanzi sikawoyela sesiguquli esinamandla sokujikeleza kukawoyela sincike emehlukweni wengcindezi yokugeleza kukawoyela ukwenza uwoyela we-transformer ugeleze ngepompo yokuhlanza uwoyela ukuze ufeze inhloso yokuhlanzwa.

The main components and functions of transformers


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Jan-20-2022