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izindaba

Ngokwezingxenye ezihlukene zokuvuza, izindlela zokwelashwa ezahlukahlukene ezifana nenhlanganisela yokushisela kanye ne-welding-blocking kufanele zisetshenziswe ngokujwayelekile.

1. Ukushisela

Ukuvuza kwamafutha okubangelwa i-welding noma ukukhubazeka kwensimbi ngokwayo, indlela yokulungisa i-welding ingasetshenziswa ukubhekana nayo.Ukushisela ngamafutha kufanele kwenziwe ngaphandle kokuvuza okukhulu kwamafutha, futhi ingxenye yokushisela kufanele ibe ngaphansi kwezinga likawoyela.Uma kungenjalo, indlela yokuhlanza kufanele isetshenziselwe ukwakha ingcindezi engalungile ngaphambi kokushisela, futhi izinga le-vacuum yokucindezela okungalungile akufanele libe phezulu kakhulu.Kutuswa ukugcina izingcindezi zangaphakathi nezangaphandle zilingana nokugwema ukuhogela insimbi encibilikisiwe.Ngokuvamile kwenqatshelwe ukusebenzisa i-welding yegesi ukulungisa ukushisela ngamafutha.Kuyafaneleka ukusebenzisa i-electrode emincane yokushisela.Ngesikhathi sokulungiswa kwe-welding, imikhondo yamafutha engxenyeni ye-welding kufanele isuswe.Phakathi nenqubo ye-welding, ukunakwa kufanele kukhokhwe ukuvimbela ukungena nokuvutha.Uma isikhathi sokushisela siside, ukushisela kwendawo okuphakathi nendawo futhi okusheshayo kufanele kusetshenziswe.Isikhathi se-arcing kufanele silawulwe phakathi kwama-10s-20s.I-welding yesikhathi eside eqhubekayo ayivunyelwe neze.ukuvimbela i-welding ngokusebenzisa.Lapho kulungiswa ama-pores ngokuvuza okukhulu kwamafutha, kungavinjelwa noma kukhishwe ngocingo lwensimbi ngaphambi kokushisela.Izinyathelo zokupholisa nezokuvikela kufanele zithathwe lapho kushiselwa eduze nokuvala ama-gasket erabha noma ezinye izingxenye ezisengozini.

2. Ukunamathela

Ezinye izingxenye ezivuzayo akufanele zilungiswe ngokushisela ngogesi.Lokhu kudinga ukusetshenziswa kweglue esheshayo yokuxhuma ukuze kuvalwe uphawu.Iglue yokuxhuma ingabhekana namaphutha okuvuza kwemishini ngaphansi kwesimo samafutha nokucindezela.Kulula ukuyisebenzisa futhi inokuvumelana nezimo okuqinile, okungasindisa inqwaba yabasebenzi kanye nezinsiza ezibonakalayo.Lapho usebenzisa i-pluging glue ukuxhuma ukuvuza, amaphuzu alandelayo kufanele anakwe:

1) Ukuze ukwazi ukusebenza kahle, isilinganiso sokuxuba kanye nezimfuneko zokusebenza ze-ejenti yokuxhuma yokuvuza;

I-2) Ngokuvumelana nokuvuza kwemishini kanye nezinga lokushisa lapho usebenzelana nokuvuza, isilinganiso sokuxuba kufanele silungiswe ngokufanele noma i-ejenti yokwelapha ngokushesha kufanele yengezwe;

I-3) Izingxenye ezivuzayo ezidinga ukuvinjelwa kufanele zihlanzwe futhi zipholishwe, futhi akufanele kube khona udaka, upende, njll.;

I-4) Iphuzu lokuvuza kwamafutha alikwazi ukuvinjelwa, kodwa iglue kufanele lihlanganiswe ne-acetone-adhered degreased gauze ukumboza iphuzu lokuvuza kuze kube yilapho i-glue iqina futhi iqina futhi akukho mafutha aphuma ngaphandle.

3. Faka esikhundleni

Izinga le-transformer seal material linethonya elikhulu ekuvuzeni kwamafutha.Iphedi yenjoloba engamelani nowoyela izokhuluphala futhi ithambe eminyakeni embalwa, ilahlekelwe umphumela wayo wokuvala kanye namafutha avuzayo.Kulolu hlobo lwephedi yenjoloba enezinto ezimbi, kuyadingeka ukuthola ithuba lokuyishintsha ngephedi yenjoloba yokuvala uphawu.Ngaphandle kwempahla ye-gasket ye-rubber, ubukhulu nobukhulu be-gasket nakho kunethonya elikhulu ekuvuzeni.Izinga lokucindezelwa kwamaphedi enjoloba asetshenziswayo njengamanje ngokuvamile lingama-35% -40%.Kusukela ekuhlolweni kokubukeka, amaphedi erabha ekuqaleni abengama-engeli angakwesokudla angaguqulwa abe ama-arcs ukuze adlale indima yokuvala ngempela.Intambo yenjoloba, i-rubber pad kanye nendandatho ethi "O" yobukhulu obungafaneleki kufanele kushintshwe.Uma ingekho imininingwane efanelekile, kufanele iklanywe kabusha futhi icutshungulwe ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuthi idlala indima yokuvala.

Oil spill improvement measures


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Jan-20-2022